Phrygian Way

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The Phrygians, arriving in Anatolia in the 11th century BC, settled down in the region of Afyonkarahisar, Ankara, Eskişehir and Kütahya. In the mid-8th century they founded a glorious civilisation, with the capital at Gordion (Yassıhöyük, Polatlı-Ankara).

The most renowned king of the Phrygians was King Midas. Apart from Gordion, other important Phrygian settlements are the ancient city of Pessinus (present day Ballıhisar) and the ancient city of Midas (present day Yazılıkaya). As the region is covered with the lava from Mount Türkmen the Phrygians left many rock monuments and ancient roads in the region.

The Phrygians were defeated by the Cimmerians coming from Caucasus and disappeared in the 7th century BC. The Phrygian script has not yet been deciphered. They also invented the flute.

Documentary: Emilie Haspel & Phrygia (YouTube)

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